Sarcoma Cancer is described as malignant tumors made from cells or tissues of mesenchymal origin. Although rare in humans but it is highly malignant when occurs. Malignancies associated with Sarcoma Cancer are generally prevalent among the connective tissues, bones and muscles of our body.
Depending on the tissue of origin, the most common types of Sarcoma Cancers include:
- Angiosarcoma, which is associated with malignancies of blood and lymph vessels
- Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST), which is related with malignancies in neuro-muscular cells of digestive tract
- Rhabdomyosarcoma, the cancer involves skeletal muscles of the body
- Cancer of bones which includes Osteosarcoma and Ewingsarcoma
- Pleomorphic Sarcoma, which is a tumor of stem cells
- Liposarcoma, the tumor confined to the fat tissues of our body
- Leiomyosarcoma, the tumor that primarily involves our smooth muscles
How common are Sarcoma Cancers?
Sarcoma cancers account for about 1% of the total cancer cases diagnosed every year. They can affect the people of any age group like Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST) is more common in adults than in children while the other ones like Osteosarcoma are prevalent among children and young adults.
Sarcoma Cancer Has Different Severity Levels
Based on the severity of malignancy, Sarcoma cancer can be assigned a low, intermediate or high grade, which depends on the presence and frequency of certain cellular and sub-cellular characteristics coupled with the malignant behavior. The significance of grade system is that it assesses the severity of malignant tumor and helps to identify the best possible and effective treatment to deal with the malignancy.
Low grade sarcoma cancers can be treated successfully through surgical procedures. However, in some rare cases radiation therapy or chemotherapy is required. Intermediate and high grade tumors are treated with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Sarcoma Cancer Treatment
Surgery is the primary treatment for all types of Sarcoma cancers found in humans. A surgery usually involves the removal of tumor and it is the acceptable method for sarcomas less than the size of 5 centimeters in size. For sarcomas greater than five centimeters surgical procedure is combined with the radiation or chemotherapy.
If you’ve had some experience with Sarcoma Cancer, please share your experiences below.